Gingivitis is the formal name given to gum disease. However, before you panic, gingivitis is a very common disease and is a mild form of gum disease. It is estimated 20% of the adult population suffers from it.
If diagnosed early and dealt with your gums can make a full discovery from gingivitis. In fact, this is why it is so important to recognize the symptoms and understand what causes gingivitis. If left untreated it will develop and become significantly worse. It can even cause tooth loss in the long term.
This is why a reputable dentist, such as this Little Bay Invisalign specialist, should be looking at your teeth at least once a year, if not more often. It will ensure any issues are identified and corrected early.
Symptoms Of Gingivitis
There are several clear signs that you have gingivitis, these include:
- Swelling and redness of gums
Because bacteria have got into the gums they are inflamed and swollen. As your body fights the infection the gums will experience increased blood flow and will appear red and swollen. This is a natural reaction but one that tells you that you need assistance.
Because your gums are inflamed and infected you will notice that they become more sensitive. Food touching your gums can seem painful when it normally wouldn’t.
- Bleed easily
Because of the inflammation, increased blood flow, and sensitivity, your gums will bleed easier. It is most noticeable when you brush your teeth. Bleeding gums should always be investigated by your dentist.
Causes Of Gingivitis
Gingivitis happens when bacteria get into your gums and start to multiply. This is the same cause of infection for any place in your body. In terms of your gums, the most common cause is simply poor oral hygiene.
Bacteria are always present in your mouth, many of them are even beneficial. When you eat food the sugars in your food mix with the bacteria and create acid as a byproduct. This acid attacks the enamel on your teeth and rests in place as plaque.
If the plaque is not removed it hardens into tartar, usually at your gum line. Bacteria are then trapped in the gum and start causing the infection. The tartar and plaque need to be removed and the infection treated to eliminate the gum disease.
If poor oral hygiene causes gingivitis then the simplest way to prevent it is to improve your oral hygiene.
That means brushing your teeth for at least two minutes twice a day. You should hold your brush with your forefinger and thumb, this prevents you from using too much pressure and causing damage to your enamel and gums.
Alongside this, it is important to floss at least once a day as this removes the debris between your teeth. You can also use a mouthwash. But, most importantly, you should visit your dentist regularly. They will spot any issues and help you resolve them as quickly and painlessly as possible.